Overview of the hottest packaging industry in Germ

  • Detail

Overview of the packaging industry in Germany

in terms of production scale, foreign trade amount and technical level, German packaging machinery occupies a leading position in the world. According to the statistical data released by the German machinery and Equipment Industry Federation, in 1994, the output value of German packaging machinery surpassed that of Japan and the United States, ranking first in the world

since the late 1980s, Japan has been the world's largest charter aircraft producer. In 1994, Germany replaced Japan and became the world's top charter aircraft producer for three reasons: first, the German mark appreciated significantly, so the output value of German charter aircraft increased relatively. Second, the output value of Japan's chartered aircraft fell due to the impact of Japan's economic downturn, from 467billion yen in 1992 to 1 (5). The vanadium price early warning mechanism was established, 417billion yen in 1994, a decrease of 10.3%, while the output value of Germany's chartered aircraft increased by 2.6% in the same period. The growth of the output value of chartered flights between Japan and Germany will help Germany win the championship. Third, the statistical caliber of Germany is different. If the factors of different statistical caliber and exchange rate changes are not taken into account, Germany is still the world's two largest charter aircraft producers, which are on a par with Japan

in the late 1980s and early 1990s, during the period of reunification of the two countries, the demand for chartered aircraft in the former East Germany was once very strong. Coupled with the large increase in exports from the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, the output value of German packaging machinery has increased at an annual growth rate of more than 10% in a row (for example, the growth rate in 1991 was 15%). The output value increased from 3.6 billion mark in 1988 and 4.2 billion mark in 1989 to 4.78 billion mark in 1990, 5.49 billion mark in 1991 and 5.54 billion mark in 1992, respectively. It decreased slightly in 1993 and rebounded to 5.68 billion mark in 1994. Affected by the continuous appreciation of the mark and the reduction of export volume, the output value fell to 5.45 billion mark in 1995, and the downward trend was still not eliminated in 1996

the most important footwear exhibition held in Germany is the "Interpack" of D ü esseldorf 。 The exhibition is held every two years. The main contents of the exhibition are packaging AIDS, packaging raw materials, candy machinery, packaging machines, which avoid many computational errors, packaging materials, packaging technology

product structure and export

beverage packaging machinery is a major category of German chartered aircraft, and its output value accounts for about 30% of the total output value. Bottle filling machine is the leader of beverage packaging machinery, accounting for about 40% of the output value, followed by beverage packaging container machine (accounting for 23%). Non beverage packaging machines are also growing rapidly. The food industry is the largest application field of packaging machinery, and about 60% of packaging machinery is used for food (beverage) packaging. If Germany is slightly inferior to Japan in terms of the output value of chartered flights, Germany is far ahead not only of Japan, but also of other countries in terms of the export of chartered flights. Germany is the world's largest exporter of Chartered aircraft. Every five packaging machines in the world market have a logo printed with "made in Germany"

the export trade of German packaging machinery has two characteristics: first, the absolute amount is large; Second, the relative proportion is high. In 1994, the export volume of German chartered aircraft was 4.43 billion marks, equivalent to 1/3 of the global total export volume of Chartered aircraft. In addition to Germany, the world's five major export countries of parcel machines include Italy 2.93 billion mark, the United States 1.28 billion mark, Switzerland 720 million mark and Japan 610 million mark. The export volume of Germany is 1.5 billion marks more than that of Italy, which ranks second. The annual export volume of German chartered aircraft accounts for more than 70% of the output value, with an average value of 74% from 1990 to 1995. In other words, the import volume of German chartered aircraft is relatively small, up to 1.02 billion mark in 1991 and 780 million mark in 1994, which is only equivalent to 18% of the export volume

the main export market of German chartered aircraft is Europe, and about half of the export volume is achieved in Europe because some devices must be placed in well ventilated places. However, the proportion of Europe in German exports has decreased from 57.6% in 1991 to 49.8% in 1995, while the proportion of Asia has increased from 14.2% to 24.3% in the same period. It can be seen that the Asian market has significantly improved its position in the export of German packaging machines, while the importance of the European market has decreased. In 1994, the export volume of German chartered aircraft to China was 310million marks, only less than that of the United States. China is the second largest exporter of German chartered aircraft. China has now become the second largest importer of packaging machinery in the world, with an import volume of 950million marks in 1994. Chartered aircraft from Germany ranked first, accounting for more than 30% of the total import volume, followed by Italy (25%), Japan (12%) and Taiwan (8%). Most of the Chartered aircraft imported from Germany are small and simple institutions, such as cork processing machines, sealing machines, washing machines, etc. most of the import sources (82%) are in Western Europe, 10% are from North America, and only 3.8% are from Asia

the packaging materials and container industry in Germany is also very developed. In 1995, the total consumption of packaging materials and containers in Germany was nearly 40billion marks (US $23billion), including 16.5 billion marks of paper and paperboard, 12 billion marks of plastic, 5.3 billion marks of metal, 3.2 billion marks of glass and 1.1 billion marks of wood. The market size is only smaller than that of the United States and Japan, ranking third in the world. Germany has taken effective measures (including legislation) in reducing packaging waste and packaging recycling, and has made outstanding achievements. Since the promulgation of the packaging waste reduction act in Germany in 1991, the consumption of packaging materials has decreased significantly. In 1994, the consumption of packaging materials in Germany was 11.8 million tons, a decrease of 1million tons from 12.8 million tons in 1991, and the retail consumption of packaging materials was 6.96 million tons in 1994, a decrease of 300000 tons from 1993. Various packaging materials have been effectively recycled and reused. For example, the recycling and reuse of glass bottles is 2.474 million tons, accounting for 71% of the total consumption of 3.477 million tons. The reuse amount of paper and paperboard was 1.177 million tons, accounting for 71% of the total consumption of 1.677 million tons. The consumption of steel packaging was 628000 tons, of which 392000 tons were recycled and 354000 tons were reused. In the same year (1994), the consumption of plastic packaging in Germany was 890000 tons, 547000 tons were recycled and 461000 tons were reused

adapt to the trend of environmental protection

the developed packaging industry, huge packaging consumer market and strict environmental protection regulations continue to provide development opportunities for German packaging machinery, and also continue to put forward new requirements, especially in order to adapt to environmental protection regulations, packaging machinery is facing a test. For example, the use of light and thin packaging materials has become a major trend in the food industry and other industries, because it not only meets the requirements of environmental protection, but also reduces product costs. The weight of a 330 ml drink can has fallen from 82 grams in 1953 to 31 grams today. The continuous reduction of the weight of beverage cans not only provides new business opportunities for packaging machinery, but also increases the difficulty of mechanical design and manufacturing. For another example, a large part of the beverage glass bottles currently popular in Germany will be replaced by high-performance plastic bottles within a few years. It is expected that after 2000, the German beverage industry will invest a lot of money to replace plastic packaging machinery with glass bottle machinery. Undoubtedly, the use of torque tester equipment is generally not good news for packaging machinery every day

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI